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The Art of Setting and Achieving SMART Goals


A typed page featuring the word 'goals,' emphasizing the significance of setting and achieving goals in therapy

Goal-setting is a fundamental aspect of therapy that captivates many. While each person's approach to setting goals may differ, the shared aim is always the same: therapist and client alike strive to achieve desired outcomes. Robust goal-setting at the onset of therapy establishes a framework and direction for a structured plan and agenda in the sessions that follow.


As a therapist, my goal is to ensure that every client receives commensurate benefits from therapy, matching their investment. Some individuals may harbor skepticism about therapy due to past experiences where they felt they didn't receive the value they expected or didn't make progress. This could often be attributed to an inadequate treatment plan that fails to align with their goals.


While a standard individual therapy session typically lasts for 45 minutes, it's essential to understand that the real work takes place outside these sessions, where clients put into practice what they've learned. A well-structured treatment plan, combined with effective goal-setting, ensures that practical work occurs beyond therapy sessions and is then explored within the therapeutic context. This supplementary effort may involve tailored therapeutic approaches and strategies addressing issues such as self-esteem, anxiety, grief, or other factors relevant to your goals. Moreover, it's important to ensure that your goals are attainable. Setting overly challenging or unrealistic goals within a limited time frame can lead to discouragement and other counterproductive feelings. This brings us to the concept of SMART Goals! SMART is an acronym that stands for:

  • Specific

  • Measurable

  • Achievable

  • Relevant

  • Time-bound


SMART goals ensure that the objectives set in therapy are well-defined. This makes it easier to measure whether the goals have been met and how to take action to achieve them. The 'S' stands for specificity, indicating that the goal is clearly defined and is understood by both the client and clinician, ensuring alignment on the objective. The 'M' represents measurability, which means the goal has quantifiable aspects, allowing you to track progress. The 'A' signifies achievability, emphasizing the importance of setting goals that are realistically attainable within the therapy timeline. The 'R' stands for relevance, highlighting the connection between the goal and your deeper motivations. Short-term goals are attainable within the next 6 months to a year, while long-term goals require a longer timeframe. Reflecting on your 'why' and the reason you sought therapy may help you determine if a goal is relevant to your current circumstances and aspirations. Finally, the 'T' for time-bound implies setting a deadline, which prompts evaluation and adjustment of goals if needed.


Effective goal setting can transform therapy into a collaborative journey with a well-defined plan. It fosters a sense of teamwork between the therapist and client, ensuring shared expectations and adaptability. While setting goals can be intimidating, it's essential to normalize that everyone starts somewhere. Some clients begin therapy with clear goals in mind, while others may initiate therapy without a specific direction, and both situations are completely valid. Therapy is a process, and goal setting is an integral part of that journey. Seeking guidance when necessary is a natural part of the therapy process. Ultimately, therapy is centered around personal growth, and this journey is one we undertake together. By setting SMART goals, both in therapy, and in your every day life, you can ensure that you have an achievable plan to make real progress towards accomplishing your objectives.

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